Business Research Methods BBA ChaloExam

Bangalore University and Bangalore North University BBA 4th Semester Study Materials and Previous Year Question Paper

Bangalore University 4th Sem BBA Study Materials

Download free BBA 4th sem module wise notes, latest solved question papers, previous 5 years question paper till 2021, model question papers, easy notes, exam oriented notes are available on this website of Bangalore University

Bangalore University BBA syllabus 2021

Old Syllabus




The objective is to create an awareness of the Process of Research, the tools and techniques of research and  generation of reports 

Unit 1: INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH 14Hrs Meaning – Objectives – Types of Research – Scope of Research – Research Approaches – Research  Process – Research Design – Research Methods Vs Research Methodology - Steps in Research – Problem  Formulation – Statement of Research Objective – Exploratory – Descriptive – Experimental Research.  

Unit 2: METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION 08 Hrs Observational and Survey Methods – Field Work Plan - Administration of surveys - Training field  investigators - Sampling methods - Sample size.  

Unit 3: TOOLS FOR COLLECTION OF DATA 08 Hrs Questionnaire Design; Attitude measurement techniques – Motivational Research Techniques – Selection  of Appropriate Statistical Techniques  

Unit 4: STATISTICAL METHODS 18 Hrs Tabulation of data - Analysis of data –Testing of Hypothesis, Advanced techniques – ANOVA, Chi-Square  - Discriminant Analysis - Factor analysis, Conjoint analysis - Multidimensional Scaling - Cluster Analysis  (Concepts Only).  

Unit 5: REPORT WRITING 08 Hrs Types of Reports, Business, Technical and Academic Report writing – Methodology Procedure – Contents  – Bibliography  


  • Illustrate different types of samples with examples 
  • Construct a questionnaire for collection of primary data keeping in mind the topic chosen for research Narrate your experience using observation technique 
  • Diagrammatically present the information collected through the questionnaire 


  1. O.R.Krishnaswamy; Research methodology in Social Sciences, HPH, 2008. 
  2. R. Divivedi: Research Methods in Behavior Science, Macmillan India Ltd., 2001.  
  3. J.K. Sachdeva: Business Research Methodology HPH 
  4. S.N. Murthy, V. Bhojanna: Business Research Methods Excel Books 
  5. Levin &Rubin: Statistics for Management, Prentice Hall of India, 2002 
  6. Gupta S; Research Methodology and Statistical Techniques, Deep & Deep Publication (P) Ltd., 2002  7. Thakur D: Research Methodology in Social Sciences, Deep & Deep Publications (P) Ltd.,1998.  8. Tripathi P.C:A Textbook of Research Methodology, Sultan Chand & Sons, 2002. 9. Cooper: Business Research Methods 6th edition, MC Graw Hill, 
  7. C.R. Kothari, Research Methodology, Vikas Publications 
  8. Usha Devi N, Santhosh Kumar - Business Research Methodology




The objective is to enable students to understand the concept of marketing and its applications and the recent trends in Marketing. 

Unit 1: INTRODUCTION TO MARKETING 10 Hrs Meaning & Definition – Goals – Concepts of Marketing – Approaches to Marketing – Functions of  Marketing. 

Recent trends in Marketing - Introduction, E-business – Tele-marketing – M-Business – Green  Marketing – Relationship Marketing – Retailing – Concept Marketing and Virtual Marketing (Meaning  Only). 

Unit 2: MARKETING ENVIRONMENT (MACRO) 10 Hrs Meaning – Demographic – Economic – Natural – Technological - Political – Legal – Socio - Cultural  Environment 

Unit 3: MARKETING MIX 20 Hrs Meaning – Elements – Product – Product Mix – Product Line – Product Lifecycle – Product Planning – New Product Development – Failure of New Product – Branding – Packing and Packaging. Pricing – Objectives – Factors influencing Pricing Policy and Methods of Pricing. Physical Distribution – Meaning – Factors affecting Channel Selection – Types of Marketing Channels. Promotion – Meaning and  Significance of Promotion – Personal Selling & Advertising (Meaning Only). 

Unit 4: MARKET SEGMENTATION AND CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR 10 Hrs Meaning & Definition - Bases of Market Segmentation – Requisites of Sound Market Segmentation.  Consumer Behaviour – Factors influencing Consumer Behaviour and Buying Decision Process. 

Unit 5: CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT 06 Hrs Meaning and Definition – Role of CRM – Advantages and Disadvantages  


Identify the product of your choice and describe in which stage of the product life cycle it is positioned. Suggest strategies for development of a product. 

Study of Consumer Behaviour for a product of your choice. 

Develop an Advertisement copy for a product. 

Prepare a chart for distribution network for different products. 


  1. P N Reddy & Appanniah, Marketing Management, HPH. 
  2. Kuranakaran, Marketing Management, Himalaya Publishers.  
  3. Rekha & Vibha, Marketing Management, VBH. 
  4. Philip Kotler, Marketing Management, Prentice Hall.


  1. Bose Biplab, Marketing Management, Himalaya Publishers.  
  2. J.C. Gandhi, Marketing Management, Tata McGraw Hill. 
  3. Ramesh & Jayanti Prasad: Marketing Management, I.K. International 
  4. William J. Stanton, Michael J.Etzel, Bruce JWalker, Fundamentals of Marketing, McGraw Hill Education. 
  5. Sontakki, Marketing Management, Kalyani Publishers. 
  6. K. Venkataramana, Marketing Management, SHBP.  
  7. Dr. Alice Mani: Marketing Management, SBH.




The objective is to enable students to understand the basic concepts of Financial Management and the role  of Financial Management in decision-making.  

Unit 1: INTRODUCTION TO FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT 10 Hrs Introduction – Meaning of Finance – Business Finance – Finance Function – Aims of Finance Function – Organization structure of finance - Financial Management – Goals of Financial Management – Financial  Decisions – Role of a Financial Manager – Financial Planning – Steps in Financial Planning – Principles of  a Sound Financial Planning.  

Unit 2: TIME VALUE OF MONEY 10 Hrs Introduction – Meaning & Definition – Need – Future Value (Single Flow – Uneven Flow & Annuity) – Present Value (Single Flow – Uneven Flow & Annuity)– Doubling Period – Concept of Valuation – Valuation of Bonds & Debentures – Preference Shares – Equity Shares – Simple Problems. 

Unit 3: FINANCING DECISIONAND INVESTMENT DECISION 16Hrs Financing Decisions: Introduction – Meaning of Capital Structure – Factors influencing Capital Structure  – Optimum Capital Structure – EBIT – EBT – EPS – Analysis – Leverages – Types of Leverages – Simple  Problems. 

Investment Decisions: Introduction – Meaning and Definition of Capital Budgeting – Features – Significance – Process – Techniques – Payback Period – Accounting Rate of Return – Net Present Value – Internal Rate of Return – Profitability Index - Simple Problems 

Unit 4: DIVIDEND DECISION 08 Hrs Introduction – Meaning and Definition – Determinants of Dividend Policy – Types of Dividends – Provisions under Campiness Act in relation to dividends. 

Unit 5: WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT 12 Hrs Introduction – Concept of Working Capital – Significance of Adequate Working Capital – Evils of Excess  or Inadequate Working Capital – Determinants of Working Capital – Sources of Working Capital –Cash  Management – Receivables Management – Inventory Management,. 


Draw the organization chart of Finance Function 

Illustrate operating cycle for at least 2 companies of your choice.  

Evaluate the NPV of an investment made in any one of the capital projects with imaginary figures for 5  years. 

Prepare an ageing schedule of debtors with imaginary figures. 

Capital structure analysis of companies in different industries



  1. Reddy, Appananaih: Financial Management., HPH 
  2. Sudrashan Reddy – Financial Management, HPH. 
  3. Venkataraman R _ Financial Management, VBH. 
  4. S N Maheshwari, Financial Management., Sultan Chand. 
  5. R.M.Srivastava : Financial Management –Management and Policy, Himalaya Publishers.  6. Khan and Jain, Financial Management, Tata McGraw Hill. 
  6. Dr. K.V. Venkataramana, Financial Management, SHB Publications.  8. Sudhindra Bhatt: Financial Management, Excel Books. 
  7. Sharma and Sashi Gupta, Financial Management, Kalyani Publication. 10. M.GangadharRao& Others: Financial Management, Himalaya Publishers. 11. I M Pandey, Financial Management, Vika Publication House. 
  8. Prasanna Chandra, Financial Management, Tata McGraw Hill.  
  9. K. Venkataramana, Financial Management, SHBP.  
  10. Dr. Alice Mani: Financial Management, SBH.




The objective is to familiarize the students with different services and prepare them with requisite skills to  manage services. 

Unit 1: INTRODUCTION TO SERVICES MANAGEMENT 08 Hrs Meaning of Services – Concepts - Characteristics of Services – Classification of Services – Growth of  Service Sector. 

Unit 2: SERVICES MARKETING 18Hrs Meaning – Differences between Products and Services – Importance of Services Marketing – Marketing  Mix for Services – 7 P‟s (in detail) Managing Demand and Supply in Service Industry. Service Delivery  Process: Role of Customer in Service delivery process- Quality issues in Services – GAP Model, Managing  moments of Truth 

Unit 3: TOURISM AND HOSPITALITY SERVICES 12 Hrs Introduction – Evolution of Tourism Industry – Concept and Nature of Tourism – Significance of Tourism  Industry- Market segmentation in tourism- Marketing mix of Tourism - Recent Trends in Tourism.  Hospitality Services: Types of Hotels –Types of Accommodation – Departments in Hotels – Customer care  in Hospitality Industry. 

Unit 3: BANKING AND INSURANCE SERVICES 12Hrs Banking - Introduction – Traditional Services – Modern Services – Recent Trends in Banking Services.  Insurance - Introduction – Meaning and Definition of Insurance – Types of Insurance – Life Insurance – Products of Life Insurance – General Insurance – Types of General Insurance – Insurance Agents and other  Intermediaries . 


6 Hrs 

Hospitals – Evolution of Hospital Industry – Nature of Service – Risk involved in Healthcare Services – marketing of medical services – Hospital extension services – Pharmacy, nursing – Medical Transcription.  ITES: Introduction – Growth, Types, Job opportunities in ITES. 


Prepare a chart on conditions to be complied for Star Hotel Status. 

Procure any two insurance policies (Xerox) and paste them in the record. 

Visit and Travel and Tour agencies and prepare organization chart. 

Interact with tourist operators and identify the areas of tourism management. Prepare a chart showing customer service rendered by at least two MF. (Preferably a comparative chart) Procedures of Railway ticket booking with specimen of reservation/cancellation slip. Procedure for Air ticket booking both domestic and International.



  1. S.M. Jha: Services Marketing HPH 
  2. Dr. Shajahan. S; Service Marketing (Concept, Practices & Cases); Himalaya Publishing House;  Mumbai; First Edition 2001. 
  3. Sunil B Rao – Service Management , VBH. 
  4. Shanker, Ravi; Services Marketing – the Indian Perspective; Excel Books, New Delhi; First Edition; 2002 
  5. Dutta : Service Management, I.K. International 
  6. Cengiz Hakseveretal – „Service Management and Operations‟; Pearson Education. 7. K. Venkataramana, Service Management, SHBP.




The objective is to familiarize the students to understand the law and practice of banking. 

Unit 1: COMMERCIAL BANKS 08 Hrs Introduction – Role of Commercial Banks – Functions of Commercial Banks – Primary Functions and  Secondary Functions – Credit Creation of Commercial Banks – Investment Policy of Commercial Banks – Profitability of Commercial Banks. Regulation and Control of Commercial Banks by RBI 

Unit 2: BANKER AND CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP 20Hrs Banker and Customer: Meaning of Banker and Customer – Banking Company – General and Special  Relationships between Banker and Customer. 

Types of Customers and Account holders: Procedure and Practice in opening and conducting the  accounts of customers particularly individuals including minors - Joint Account Holders. Partnership Firms  - Joint Stock companies with limited liability-Executors and Trustees-Clubs and Associations-Joint Hindu  Family  

Unit 3: NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS 08Hrs Introduction – Meaning & Definition – Features – Kinds of Negotiable Instruments (Meanings only) – Cheques – Meaning & Definition – Features - Parties – Crossing of cheques – types of crossing.  Endorsements – Meaning – Essentials – Kinds of Endorsement. 

Unit 4: PAYING BANKER AND COLLECTING BANKER 10 Hrs Paying Banker – Meaning – Precautions – Statutory Protection to the Paying Banker – Dishonor of  Cheques – Grounds of Dishonor – Consequences of wrongful dishonor of Cheque. Collecting Banker – Meaning – Duties & Responsibilities of Collecting Banker –Statutory Protection to  Collecting Banker 

Unit 5: PRINCIPLES OF BANK LENDING 10 Hrs Different kinds of borrowing facilities granted by banks - Loans, Cash Credit, Overdraft, Bills Purchased,  Bills Discounted, Letters of Credit - Types of Securities – NPA (Meaning only).Sound principles of Bank  Lending. 


Collect and fill account opening form of SB A/c or Current A/c 

Collect and fill pay in slip of SB A/c or Current A/c. 

Draw specimen of Demand Draft. 

Draw different types of endorsement of cheques. 

Past specimen of Travelers Cheques / Gift Cheques / Credit Cheques. 

List customer services offered by atleast 2 banks of your choice.



  1. Gordon &Natrajan: Banking Theory Law and Practice, HPH. 
  2. Maheshwari. S.N.: Banking Law and Practice, Kalyani Publishers 
  3. Gagendra Naidu, S. K. Poddar , Law and Practice of Banking, VBH. 
  4. M. Prakash – Banking Regulation & Operations, VBH.  
  5. Tannan M.L: Banking Law and Practice in India, Wadhwa and company 
  6. P.SubbaRao ; Bank Management, HPH. 
  7. Herbert Percival Sheldon, Peter J. Fidler, Herbert B. Sheldon, Sheldon‟s Practice and Law of Banking,  Mac Donald and Evans 
  8. V. Iyengar; Introduction to Banking, Excel Books. 
  9. Kothari N. M: Law and Practice of Banking. 
  10. Shekar. K.C: Banking Theory Law and Practice, VBH. 
  11. Venkataramana. K, Banking Regulation, SHBP.




The objective of this subject is to familiarize students with the various concepts and element of cost. 

Unit 1: INTRODUCTION TO COST ACCOUNTING 10 Hrs Introduction – Meaning & Definition of Cost, Costing and Cost Accounting – Objectives of Costing - Comparison between Financial Accounting and Cost Accounting – Application of Cost Accounting – Designing and Installing a Cost Accounting System – Cost Concepts - Classification of Costs – Cost Unit – Cost Center – Elements of Cost – Preparation of Cost Sheet – Tenders and Quotations. 

Unit 2: MATERIAL COST CONTROL 14Hrs Meaning – Types – Direct Material – Indirect Material - Material Control – Purchasing Procedure – Store  Keeping – Techniques of Inventory Control – Setting of Stock Levels – EOQ – ABC Analysis – VED  Analysis – Just In-Time – Perpetual Inventory System – Documents used in Material Accounting - Methods  of Pricing Material Issues – FIFO – LIFO – Weighted Average Price Method and Simple Average Price  Method. 

Unit 3: LABOUR COST CONTROL 10 Hrs Meaning – Types – Direct Labour – Indirect Labour – Timekeeping – Time booking – Idle Time – Overtime – Labour Turn Over. Methods of Labour Remuneration - Time Rate System – Piece Rate System  – Incentive Systems – Halsey plan – Rowan Plan – Taylor‟s differential Piece Rate System and Merrick‟s  Differential Piece Rate System – Problems  

Unit 4: OVERHEAD COST CONTROL 14Hrs Meaning and Definition – Classification of Overheads – Procedure for Accounting and Control of  Overheads – Allocation of Overheads – Apportionment of Overheads – Primary Overhead Distribution  Summary – Secondary Overhead Distribution Summary – Repeated Distribution Method and Simultaneous  Equations Method – Absorption of Factory Overheads – Methods of Absorption – Machine Hour Rate – Problems. 

Unit 5: RECONCILIATION OF COST AND FINANCIAL ACCOUNTS 08Hrs Need for Reconciliation – Reasons for differences in Profit or Loss shown by Cost Accounts and Profit or  Loss shown by Financial Accounts – Preparation of Reconciliation Statement and Memorandum  Reconciliation Account. 


Classification of costs incurred in the making of a product. 

Identification of elements of cost in services sector. 

Cost estimation for the making of a proposed product. 

Documentation relating to materials handling in a company. 

Collection and Classification of overheads in an organization. 

Discuss the reasons for LTO in organizations..



  1. M. N. Arora: Cost Accounting, HPH 
  2. J.Madegowda: Advanced Cost Accounting, HPH. 
  3. N.K. Prasad: Cost Accounting, Book Syndicate. 
  4. Gouri Shankar: Practical Costing, HPH. 
  5. KhannaPandey&Ahuja : Practical Costing, Sultan Chand. 
  6. K. S. Thakur: Cost Accounting, New Century Book House Pvt. Ltd. 7. M.L. Agarwal: Cost Accounting, Sahithya Bhawan Publications.  8. Palaniappan & Harihara : Cost Accounting I.K. International 9. Jain &Narang: Cost Accounting, Kalyani Publishers.  
  7. S.P. Iyengar: Cost Accounting, Sultan Chand. 
  8. S.N. Maheshwari: Cost Accounting, Mahaveer Publishers.  
  9. Horngren: Cost Accounting – A Managerial Emphasis, Prentice Hall. 13. Dr.A. Sundra Rajan & Dr. K. Venkataramana, SHB Publications.  14. R.G. Saha & Others – Cost Accounting  
  10. V. Rajesh Kumar & R.K. Sreekantha, Cost Accounting – I, Vittam Publications.  16. Dr. Alice Mani: Cost Accounting, SBH.

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Bangalore University Study Materials

Bangalore University and Bangalore North University BBA 2nd Semester Study Materials and Previous Year Question Paper

Download free BBA 2nd sem module wise notes, latest solved question papers, previous 5 years question paper till 2021, model question papers, easy notes, exam oriented notes are available on this website of Bangalore University

Bangalore University 2nd Sem BBA Study Materials (New Syllabus)

New Syllabus




The objective of this course is to help the students to acquire knowledge; financial reporting on the  global scenario , skills and acumen of accounting treatment in respect of different categories of  business undertakings and special type of business, 


Need for IFRS-Features of IFRS-Applicability of IFRS-Beneficiaries of Convergence with  IFRS (theory only) 


Meaning of Hire Purchase and Installment Purchase System - Legal provisions - Calculation of  interest - when rate of interest and cash price is given - when cash price and total amount payable is  given, when rate of interest and installments amount are given but cash price is not given - Calculation of cash price under annuity method - Journal Entries and Ledger Accounts in the books of  Hire Purchaser and Hire Vendor (Asset Accrual Method only). 


Introduction - meaning - technical terms - royalty - landlord - tenant - minimum rent - short  workings - recoupment of short working under - fixed period - floating period - recoupment within  the life of a lease - treatment of strike, stoppage of work and sub-lease - accounting treatment in the  books of lessee(tenant) - when royalty is less than minimum rent - when royalty is equal to minimum  rent - when the right of recoupment is lost - when minimum rent account method is followed - 

passing journal entries and preparation of Ledger Accounts - royalty account - landlord account – short workings account - minimum rent when minimum rent account is followed in the books of  lessee only  

UNIT-4 SALE OF THE PARTNERSHIP FIRM 16 Hrs  Introduction - need for conversion - meaning of purchase consideration - methods of calculating  purchase consideration - net payment method - net asset method - passing of journal entries and  preparation of ledger accounts in the books of vendor - treatment of certain items - dissolution  expenses - unrecorded assets and liabilities - assets and liabilities not taken over by the purchasing  company - contingent liabilities - non- assumption of trade liabilities- in the books of purchasing  company - passing of incorporation entries - treatment of security premium - fresh issue of shares  and debentures to meet working capital - preparation of balance sheet as per 'Companies Act' 2013 - under vertical format.


Introduction – Meaning – Objectives – Distinction between joint venture and consignment – Distinction between joint venture and partnership – maintenance of accounts in the books of  coverturers – maintaining separate books for joint venture -- problems. 



( Skill development business lab activities to be executed through accounting packages)  

  1. List out the different areas of applications of IFRS in India  

  2. Develop EMI calculation mechanism in an auto retailers-Two wheelers and Cars 3. Develop E-content for Royalty Agreement 

  3. Collect the information on 5 recently converted a firm in to joint stock company business   organizations  

  4. Develop E-content for a Joint Venture Agreement 


  1. Dr. S.N. Maheswari, Financial Accounting  

  2. Grewal and Shukla, Advanced Accounting  

  3. P.C. Tulasian, Pearson Editions, Introduction to Accounting  

  4. Jain & Narang. Financial Accounting  

  5. Accounting Standards - Institute of Chartered Accountants of India  

  6. Raj Garg &Manpreet Kaur-International Financial Reporting Standards –Kalyani publishers 


OBJECTIVE: The objective of this course is to enable the students to gain knowledge and skills of  managing human resources in various organisations.  

UNIT 1: HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT 12 Hrs Human Resources Management – Meaning, Definitions, Characteristics, Objectives, Importance,  Functions and Process, Challenges, Recent Trends -Human Resources Manager – Duties and  Responsibilities, Paradigms for Post Modern Managers-Meaning, Definitions, Characteristics,  Objectives, Importance, Functions and Process of Human Resources Development-Differences  between personnel Management and Human Resources Development, difference HRM and SHRM,  difference between HRM and IHRM 

UNIT 2: HUMAN RESOURCE PLANNING, RECRUITMENT & SELECTION 12 Hrs Human Resource Planning – Meaning, Importance, Benefits and Scope-Job Analysis, Job Design,  Job Description, Job enrichment and Job Evaluation. Recruitment – Meaning, Definitions and  Sources of Recruitment: Traditional and Modern sources of recruitment-E-recruitment, Twitter, Blog,  Instagram, Linkedin Walk in, talk in, Write in, Artificial intelligence (Robots based) virtual  discussion, Selection – Meaning, Definitions and Process of Selection- identification of five dark  qualities in an individual before selection process of selection and Placement  

UNIT 3: HUMAN RESOURCE PRACTICES 12 Hrs Induction and Orientation – Meaning, Definitions, Objectives and Purposes-Training – Meaning,  Need, Benefits and Methods, Pros and Cons of each Method of Training-Identification of Training &  Development Needs-Human Resources Development of Managers and Employees-Performance  Management System (PMS) – Meaning, Definitions, Objectives, Methods of Appraising the past  performance and current performance of the employee and executive, projecting future performance  of an employee, individual employee development difference and performance appraisal and  performance management system (PA vs PMS) 

UNIT 4: COMPENSATION AND REWARD SYSTEM 10 Hrs Compensation - Meaning, Definitions, Objectives and Importance-Wages and Salary Perquisites,  Fringe Benefits, Bonus and Incentives – Meanings only, incentives in sun rise sector and sun set  sector. Performance based pay, merit based pay, skill based pay, and competency based pay, dual  system of payment for the same job position. Promotion – Meaning, Definitions, Features, Methods  of Promotion –seniority vs meritocracy 

UNIT 5: EMPLOYEE COACHING, COUNSELLING AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 06 Hrs Employee Coaching - Meaning, Definitions, Objectives, Types. Employee Counselling-Meaning  Definitions, Objectives, Skills and Techniques Industrial. Relation-meaning, definition and Actors in  IRs


  1. Develop the offer letter and appointment order to given to new recruit 2. Develop E- contents for 5 dark qualities of an individual 3. List out the examples for sunrise sector and sun set sectors 4. Develop E-content for the role of artificial intelligence in HR functions 5. Develop the E-Content for employee performance management System 


  1. Dr. K Aswathappa -Human resource Management Tata Mcgraw Hills 2. Shashi K Gupta and Rosy Joshi Human Resource Management  3. Managing Human Resources by Wayne F Cascio 

  2. Subba Rao Human resource management-HPH 

  3. K Ramachandra and et.,al. Human Resource Management HPH 6. C.B.Mamoria, Personnel management, HPH. 

  4. Edwin Flippo, Personnel management, McGraw Hill. 8. Michael Porter, HRM and human Relations, Juta & Co.Ltd.



The objective of this course is to provide basic knowledge of fundamentals of Statistics for  interpreting business data and their commercial application for decision making in a business. Entity  

UNIT 1: STATISTICAL DESCRIPTION OF DATA 12 hrs  a. Introduction to Statistics – Definition of Statistics –- Functions – Scope – Limitations  

  1. b.Classification and tabulation of data - Collection of data - census and sample techniques.  Classification of data, preparation of frequency distribution and tabulation of data.(simple problems)  

c Statistical Representation of Data -Diagrammatic representation of data - Bar diagram subdivided bar diagram- percentage bar diagram and pie diagram Histogram- Frequency polygon ogives (simple problems). 

UNIT 2: MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY & DISPERSION 14 hrs  a. Measures of Central Tendency- Arithmetic Mean– Median – Mode (both grouped and   ungrouped data including open- end class (Direct Methods only. Weighted Arithmetic Mean   & Combined Mean -Empirical relationship between mean, median and mode. b. Dispersion - Range - Quartile deviation - Mean deviation about mean - Standard deviation   and their Coefficients. (Direct method only). 


  1. a. Correlation- Types of Correlation- Karl Pearson's coefficient of correlation, Spearman's rank   correlation coefficient- Problems 

  2. Regression - Regression lines -Regression coefficients - The two regression equations   Correlation coefficient through regression coefficient- Problems. 

UNIT 4 : INDEX NUMBERS AND TIME SERIES 12 hrs a. Index Numbers- Uses of Index Numbers, Problems involved in construction of Index  Numbers, Methods of construction of Index Numbers. Simple Aggregative Method – Simple  Average of Price Relative Method – Weighted index method – Laspereys, Paasches and Fisher’s  Ideal method Consumer Price Index – Problems  

  1. Time Series - Introduction- Components of Time series - Analysis of time series by  moving averages – problems on Trend and Least Squares method (Linear) and ordinary least square  method (OLS) 

UNIT 5: PROBABILITY 6 Hrs Meaning and Importance of Probability- Experiment, Event and types of events, Additional &  Multiplication theorem of probability.(Simple Problems on addition theorem only)  


Develop a table for number of students studying in different course at your college for a  particular period 

Collect data from at least 5 friends about the percentage of marks obtained in SSLC and PUC  and present the same in a Bar Diagram Form

Collect data from at least 10 friends about the pocket money they receive in a month and their  monthly expenditure on Mobile Recharge, Cosmetics, Chats and Other Expenses and Analysis  the data by computing standard deviation and coefficient of variation. 

Collect the age statistics of 10 married couples and compute correlation coefficient  and regression equations. 

Analyze a particular company monthly share price movement traded in BSE & NSE by using  moving average 


  1. Gupta, S. P. Statistical Methods. New Delhi: Sultan & Chand 

  2. Sharma, J. K. Business Statistics . New Delhi: Pearson Publishers. 

  3. Vohra, N.D. Quantitative Techniques in Management. Tata McGraw Hill Publishing co 4. Beri, G. C.. Business Statistics . New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill Educations Pvt Ltd. 5. Ellahance : Statistical Methods  

  4. Chikodi & Satya Prasad – Quantitative Method for Business  

  5. Sridhara Bhatt - Quantitative Techniques for Managers , HPH  

  6. Quantitative Techniques for Managerial Decisions, U K Srivastava, G V Shenoy,S C Shar  9. Bhat B R, Srivenkataramana and K S MadhavaRao, Statistics for Beginners Vol 1 - New Age (P) Ltd,. 

 10, K Ramachandra and et.,al. Quantitative methods for Business HPH 

  1. Gurumurthy K H and et.,al. Quantitative analysis for Business decisions HPH .



The objective is to make the student understand the concepts of production, operations and  Inventory Management of an industrial undertaking and their benefits. 

UNIT 1: INTRODUCTION TO PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT 10Hrs Meaning and definition – Classification – Objectives, need – types – Advantages and  disadvantages of Production and Operations Management, Application of automation, artificial  intelligence, volatility , uncertainty , complexity ambiguity ( VUCA) in production  and operations,  

UNIT 2:PLANT LOCATION AND LAYOUT 10 Hrs Meaning and definition –Factors affecting location, Theory and practices, cost Factor in location – Plant layout Principles – Space requirement – Different types of facilities – Organization of physical  facilities – Building, Sanitation, Lighting, Air Conditioning and Safety. 


Quality control – Statistical Quality Control, Quality Management, six- sigma, Control charts and  Operating characteristics curves, Accepting Sampling Procedures, Quality circles, Meaning of ISO  and TQM. 


Meaning and Concepts -Objectives, Capacity planning, Corresponding Production Planning,  Controlling, Scheduling, Routing. Management of Inventory- JIT ,ABC etc  


Introduction – Meaning – Objectives – Types of maintenance, Breakdown, Spares planning and  control, Preventive routine, Relative Advantages, Maintenance Scheduling, Equipment reliability and  Modern Scientific Maintenance methods - Waste Management–Scrap and surplus disposal, Salvage  and recovery. 


  1. Visit any industry and list out the stages of its automation and artificial intelligence with as many   details as possible.  

  2. List out the factors which are important while selecting a plant layout and draw a chart on   Plant layout 

  3. Describe the Functions of Quality Circles in an industry 

  4. List out the Functions of inventory management in an organization  

  5. Visit a company and List out Environmental issues. How is inventory managed in a company?   


  1. Ashwathappa. K & Sridhar Bhatt : Production & Operations Management, HPH. 2. Gondhalekar & Salunkhe : Productivity Techniques, HPH. 

  2. SN Chary, Production & Operations Management, McGraw Hill. 

4 U. Kachru, Production & Operations Management, Excel Books.

  1. Alan Muhlemann, John Oaclank and Keith Lockyn, Production & Operations  Management, PHI. 

6 K KAhuja, Production Management, CBS Publishers. 

7 . S.A. Chunawalla & Patel: Production & Operations Management, HPH. 8. Everett E Adam Jr., and Ronald J Ebert, Production & Operations Management, Sage   Publishing 

  1. Dr. L. N. Agarwal and Dr. K.C. Jain, Production Management 

  2. Thomas E. Morton, Production Operations Management, South Western College.

Production and Inventory Management

Bangalore University BBA syllabus 2021

Bangalore University 2nd Sem BBA Study Materials (Old Syllabus)

Old Syllabus




The objective of this subject is to acquaint students with the accounting concepts, tools and Techniques  influencing Business Organizations. 

Unit 1: INSURANCE CLAIMS 10Hrs Introduction – Need – Policy for Loss of Stock – Steps for ascertaining Fire insurance claim – Treatment of  Salvage – Average Clause –Computation of Fire insurance claims.  

Unit 2: HIRE PURCHASE AND INSTALLMENT SYSTEMS 12Hrs Introduction – Meaning – Hire Purchase Act 1972 – Important Definitions – Hire Purchase Agreement – Hire Purchase Price – Cash Price – Hire Purchase Charges – Net Hire Purchase Price – Net Cash Price – Calculation of Interest – Calculation of Cash Price – Journal Entries and Ledger Accounts in the books of  Hire Purchaser and Hire Vendor. Installment System – Meaning – Features – Differences between Hire  Purchase System and Installment Purchase System (Theory only) 

Unit 3: ROYALTY ACCOUNTS 12Hrs Introduction – Meaning – Technical Terms – Royalty – Landlord – Tenant – Minimum Rent – Short  Workings – Recoupment of Short Working under Fixed Period – Floating Period – Recoupment within the  Life of a Lease – Treatment of Strike and Stoppage of work – Accounting Treatment in the books of Lessee  – Preparation of Ledger Accounts – Royalty Account – Landlord Account – Short Workings Account – Minimum Rent Account when Minimum Rent Account is required. 

Unit 4: SALE OF PARTNERSHIP TO A LIMITED COMPANY 14Hrs Introduction – Need for conversion - Meaning of Purchase Consideration – Mode of Discharge of Purchase  Consideration – Method of calculation of Purchase Consideration – Net Payment Method – Net Asset  Method – Passing of Journal Entries and Preparation of Ledger Accounts in the books of Vendor – Treatment of certain items – Dissolution Expenses – Unrecorded Assets and Liabilities – Assets and  Liabilities not taken over by the Purchasing Company – Contingent liabilities – Non-assumption of trade  liabilities – Passing of Incorporation entries in the books of Purchasing Company. 

Unit 5: ISSUE OF SHARES 8 Hrs Meaning of Share, Types of Shares – Preference shares and Equity shares – Issue of Shares at par, at  Premium, at Discount, Pro – Rata Allotment – Journal Entries and Bank Accounts – Preparation of Balance  Sheet in the Vertical form. 


  • Problems on calculation of purchase consideration when a firm is converted into a limited company Computation of cash price, interest components and hire purchase installments taking any problem Understand the meaning and purpose of loss of stock insurance including the average clause A problem on royalty highlighting the significance of minimum rent and recoupment of short workings



  1. Anil Kumar & Others – Financial Accounting  

  2. M.A.Arunachalam&K.S.Raman: Advanced Accountancy 

  3. B.S. Raman, Advanced Accountancy Vol II 

  4. V.K. Goyal, Financial Accounting 2nd Edition 

  5. Shukla and Grewal, Advanced Accountancy 

  6. Gupta and Radhaswamy, Advanced Accountancy Vol I& II 7. Agarwal and Jain, Advanced financial Accounting 

  7. Guruprasad Murthy : Financial Accounting 

  8. Maheshwari, Advanced Accountancy Vol I & II 

  9. B.M. Lall Nigam & G.L. Sharma, Advanced Accountancy 

  10. S.N. Maheshwari& S.K. Maheshwari, Financial Accounting 12. Jain S.P &Narang K.L, Basic Financial Accounting 

  11. Soundra Rajan A & K Venkataramana, Financial Accounting, SHB Publishers. 14. Dr. Alice Mani: Financial Accounting, SBH.




The objective is to provide basic knowledge of quantitative methods and their commercial application for  decision making in business. 

Unit 1: INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS 04 Hrs Background and Basic concepts: Introduction – Definition of Statistics – Functions – Scope – Limitations,  Classification and Tabulation of Data. 

Unit 2: MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY 14 Hrs Introduction – Types of averages – Arithmetic Mean (Simple and Weighted) – Median – Mode – Graphic  location of Median and Mode through Ogive Curves and Histogram. 

Unit 3: MEASURES OF DISPERSIONAND SKEWNESS 14 Hrs Part – 1: Measures of Dispersion : Meaning– Calculation of Absolute and Relative measures of  dispersion - Range – Quartile Deviation – Mean Deviation – Standard Deviation and Coefficient of  Variation. 

Part – 2: Measures of Skewness: Meaning of Skewness - Symmetrical &Skewed Distributions- Measures  of Skewness - Absolute and Relative Measures of Skewness – Karl Pearson‟s Coefficient of Skewness and  Bowley‟s Coefficient of Skewness 

Unit 4: CORRELATION AND REGRESSION ANALYSIS 14Hrs Correlation – Meaning & Definition - Uses – Types – Probable error – Karl Pearson‟s & Spearman‟s Rank  Correlation (Excluding Bi-variate and Multiple correlation). 

Regression – Meaning and Definition, Regression Equations - Problems  

Unit 5: INDEX NUMBERS 10 Hrs Meaning & Definition – Uses – Classification – Construction of Index Numbers – Methods of constructing  Index Numbers – Simple Aggregate Method – Simple Average of Price Relative Method – Weighted Index  numbers – Fisher‟s Ideal Index (including Time and Factor Reversal tests) – Consumer Price Index – Problems  


Collect the age statistics of 10 married couples and compute correlation coefficient. Collect the age statistics of 10 newly married couples and compute regression equations. Estimate the  age of bride when age of bridegroom is given. 

Select 10 items of daily-consumed products and collect base year quantity, base year price and current  year price. Calculate cost of living index. 


  1. S P Gupta: Statistical Methods- Sultan Chand, Delhi 

  2. C.R.Reddy : Quantitative Techniques for Management Decisions, HPH. 

  3. Dr. B N Gupta: Statistics (SahitytaBhavan), Agra. 

  4. R.S Bhardwaj: Business Statistics, Excel Books.


  1. Chikodi & Pradad – Quantitative Method for Business - II 6. Veerchamy : Operation Research I.K. International Publishers 7. S C Gupta: Business Statistics, Himalaya Publications. 8. Ellahance : Statistical Methods 

  2. Sanchethi and Kapoor: Business Mathematics, Sultan Chand 10. C.S Mujawar : Statistics for Managers I.K. International Publishers 11. Dr. Alice Mani: Quantitative Methods for Business - II, SBH.




The objective is to enable the students to understand the Organizational Behaviour, and Organizational  Change and dynamic of groups . 

Unit 1: ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR 06Hrs Organization Behaviour– Definition, Scope and Application in Management -Contributions of other  disciplines to OB–Emerging issues in Organizational Behaviour. 

Unit 2: PERSONALITY, PERCEPTION AND ATTITUDES 16 Hrs Personality :Meaning - Determinants of Personality - Biological factors - Cultural factors - Family and  Social Factors - Situational factors -Personality attributes influencing OB, Interactive Behaviour and  Interpersonal Conflict. 

Perception :Meaning - Need - Perceptual Process – Perceptual Mechanism - Factors influencing  perception.  

Attitude: Meaning of Attitude - Characteristics of Attitude – Components of Attitude - Attitude and  Behaviour – Attitude formation, change in attitude and barriers to attitude. 

Unit 3: LEARNING AND BEHAVIOUR MODIFICATION 08Hrs Principles of Learning & Reinforcement - Observational Learning - Cognitive Learning - Organizational  Behaviour Modification - Steps in Organizational Behaviour Modification process - Organizational  Reward Systems 

Unit 4: GROUP DYNAMICS 12Hrs Meaning - Types of Groups - Functions of small groups - Group Size Status - Managerial Implications – Group Behaviour - Group Norms - Cohesiveness - Group Think,  

Unit 6: ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE AND DEVELOPMENT 14Hrs Organizational Change: Meaning - Nature of work change - Pressure for change - Change process - Types  of change – Factors influencing change - Resistance to change - Overcoming resistance - Organizational  Development–Meaning and different types of OD interventions. 


  • Meaning of job enrichment and list the requirements of job enrichments 

  • Characteristics of attitude and components of attitude – A brief discussion 

  • List the determinants of personality 

  • Factors influencing perceptions - A brief explanation  

  • List the characteristics of various leadership styles. 


  1. K. Aswathappa, Organizational Behaviour, HPH. 

  2. Appanniah&, Management and Behavioural Process, HPH. 

  3. Rekha & Vibha – Organizational Behavioural, VBH.


  1. Robbins, Organizational Behaviour, International Book House. 5. John W. Newstrom&Kieth Davis, Organizational Behaviour, McGraw Hill. 6. P.G. Aquinas Organizational Behavior, Excel Books. 

  2. Fred Luthans, Organizational Behaviour. McGraw Hill. 

  3. M. Gangadhar. V.S.P.Rao and P.S.Narayan, Organizational Behaviour 9. M.N.Mishra: OrganisationalBehaviour and Corporate Development, HPH. 10. Karamapl : Business Management & Organizational Behavioral I.K. International 11. N.S. Gupta, Organizational Behaviour, HPH. 

  4. Jit. S. Chandan, Organisational Behaviour, Vikas Publishing House. 13. Sharma R.K & Gupta S.K, Management and Behaviour Process, Kalyani Publishers. 14. K. Venkataramana, Organisational Behaviour, SHBP.




The objective of the subject is to make the students understand the concepts of production and operations  management of an industrial undertaking and the benefits of automation. 

Unit 1: INTRODUCTION TO PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS  MANAGEMENT 12Hrs Introduction - Meaning & Definition – Classification - Objectives and Scope of Production and operation  Management -Automation: Introduction – Meaning and Definition – Need – Types - Advantages and  Disadvantages.  

Unit 2: PLANT LOCATION AND LAYOUT 08 Hrs Introduction – Meaning & Definition - Factors affecting location, theory and practices, cost factor in  location - Plant layout principles -space requirement- Different types of facilities, Organization of physical  facilities – building, sanitation, lighting, air conditioning and safety. 

Unit 3: MATERIALS MANAGEMENT 08Hrs Introduction – Meaning & Definition - Purchasing, Selection of Suppliers, Inventory Management,  Material Handling Principles and Practices, Economic Consideration, Criteria for Selection of Materials  Handling Equipment, Standardization, Codification, Simplification, Inventory Control, Techniques of  

Unit 4: PRODUCTION PLANNING AND QUALITY CONTROL 16Hrs Objectives and Concepts, capacity planning, corresponding production planning, controlling, scheduling  routing – Quality Control - Statistical Quality Control, Quality Management, Control charts and operating  characteristic curves, acceptance sampling procedures, Quality Circle, Meaning of ISO and TQM. Productivity – factors influencing productivity - Concept of Standard Time, Method study, Time and  Motion Study, Charts and Diagrams, Work Measurements 

Unit 6: MAINTENANCE AND WASTE MANAGEMENT 12Hrs Introduction – Meaning – Objectives - Types of maintenance, Break down, spares planning and control,  preventive routine, relative advantages, maintenance scheduling, equipment reliability and modern  scientific maintenance methods - Waste Management - Scrap and surplus disposal, salvage and recovery. 


  1. Visit any industry and list out the stages of PPC with as many details as possible.  2. List out the Functions of Materials management in an organization  

  2. Describe the Functions of Quality Circles in an industry 

  3. Draw a ISO specification chart 

  4. Visit a company and List out Environmental issues. 

  5. Visit a company and draw a chart on Plant layout.



  1. Ashwathappa. K & Sridhar Bhatt : Production & Operations Management, HPH. 2. Gondhalekar&Salunkhe : Productivity Techniques, HPH. 

  2. SN Chary, Production & Operations Management, McGraw Hill. 

  3. U. Kachru, Production & Operations Management, Excel Books. 

  4. Alan Muhlemann, John Oaclank and Keith Lockyn, Production & Operations Management, PHI. 6. K KAhuja, Production Management, CBS Publishers. 

  5. S.A. Chunawalla& Patel: Production & Operations Management, HPH. 

  6. Everett E Adam Jr., and Ronald J Ebert, Production & Operations Management, Sage Publishers.  9. Dr. L. N. Agarwal and Dr. K.C. Jain, Production Management 

  7. Thomas E. Morton, Production Operations Management, South Western College. 11. K. Venkataramana, Production Operations Management, SHBP. 

  8. Sridhara Bhatt - Production & Operation Management, HPH. 

  9. Ghousia Khaloon – Production & Operation Management, VBH.

Production and Operations Management

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Bangalore University Study Materials

Bangalore University BCA 6th Semester Study Materials and Previous Year Question Paper

Total Teaching Hours : 60 No of Hours / Week : 04
Unit – I
Introduction to Finite Automata: The central concepts of Automata theory; Deterministic
finite automata; Nondeterministic finite automata. An application of finite automata,
Page 33 of 38
Finite automata with Epsilon transitions.
[ 12 Hours ]
Unit – II
Regular Expressions: Finite Automata and Regular Expressions Applications of Regular
Expressions. Regular languages; Proving languages not to be regular languages; Closure
properties of regular languages; Decision properties of regular languages; Equivalence
and minimization of automata.
[ 12 Hours ]
Unit – III
Context–free grammars: Parse trees; Applications; Ambiguity in grammars and
Languages. Definition of the Pushdown automata; the languages of a PDA; Equivalence
of PDA’s and CFG’s.
[ 12 Hours ]
Unit – IV
Deterministic Pushdown Automata:Normal forms for CFGs; The pumping lemma for
CFGs; Closure properties of CFLs. Problems that Computers cannot solve.
[ 12 Hours ]
Unit – V
The Turing machine:Programming techniques for Turing Machines. Undecidability, A
Language that is not recursively enumerable; An Undecidable problem that is RE; Post’s
Correspondence problem.
[ 12 Hours ]
Text Book:
1. John E. Hopcroft, Rajeev Motwani, Jeffrey D.Ullman: Introduction to Automata
Theory, Languages and Computation, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education, 2011.
Reference Books:
1. John C Martin: Introduction to Languages and Automata Theory, 3rd Edition,
Tata McGraw-Hill, 2007.
2. Daniel I.A. Cohen: Introduction to Computer Theory, 2nd Edition, John Wiley &
Sons, 2009.
3. Thomas A. Sudkamp: An Introduction to the Theory of Computer Science,
Languages and Machines, 3rd Edition,Pearson Education, 2006

Bangalore University Study Materials

Bangalore University BCA 4th Semester Study Materials and Previous Year Question Paper

Bangalore University 4th Sem BCA Study Materials

Download free BCA 4th sem module wise notes, latest solved question papers, previous 5 years question paper till 2021, model question papers, easy notes, exam oriented notes are available on this website of Bangalore University

Bangalore University BCA syllabus





Syllabus as per the one prescribed for science courses of Bangalore University. 


Syllabus as per the one prescribed for science courses of Bangalore University. 


Total Teaching Hours : 60 No of Hours / Week : 04 Unit - I 

Introduction to Visual Programming: The intergrated Development Environment – menu  bar, tool bar, from designer, project explorer , properties window , from layout window ,  The Visual Programing editor. The form object: Properties , events and methods pf  forms ; Properties – Name , Captain , Backcolor, Borderstyle , controlbox , maxbutton ,  minbutton, moveable, startup position , height, width , left, top, scalemode, window, state  ; Events –load ,unload , Clerk, Activate , Deactivate , Resize, methods – Show , hide , cls  , Unload ,print , Controls –Properties and events of different controls such as command  buttons , labels , textboxes image controls , timer, horizontal and vertical scroll bars ,  option buttons , check boxes , frames lists and combo boxes. Predefined Dialog Boxes – MsgBox and InputBO 

 [ 12 Hours ] Unit - II 

Programming: Data types, variables; declaration and scope arithmetic operations, Study  of form and code modules, private and public procedures , Main o procedure , Suba and  Functions. Mathematical and string Functions; Branching and Looping Statement ; If – Then , if –Then –Else and Nested If Statements; Select Case –different forms; For – Next  , While – Wend and Do – Loops statements ; Arrays- declaration . Static and dynamic  arrays. Array and Function, menus and toolbars-Creating menus and toolbars, Working  with the menu editor , Designing Multiple Document interface forms. Microsoft  common controls. 

[ 12 Hours ]

Page 23 of 38 

Unit - III 

OOP methods and properties of an object, class Modules , Encapsultation and Inheritance  characteristics Dynamic Link Libraries (DLLs) and Windows API ; Designing Help files  ; File handling – Sequential ,Random access and Binary files, Database connectivity – DAO and ADO Tables and Queries, ActiveX Data objects. 

 [ 12 Hours ] Unit – IV 

Visual C++ Programming: Objects-Classes-VC++Components – Resources-Event  Handling – Menus – Dialog Boxes – Importing VBX Controls – Files – MFC File  Handling – Document View Architecture – Serialization. 

 [ 12 Hours ] Unit – V 

Interfacing Other Applications – Multiple Document Interface (MDI) – Splitter Windows  – Exception Handling – Debugging – Object Linking and Embedding (OLE) – Database  Application – DLL- ODBC. 

 [ 12 Hours ] Text Books: 

  1. Gurumit Singh, “Visual Basic 6”, First Edition, Firewall Media, 2007. Reference Books: 

1.Charles Petzold, “Windows Programming”, 5th Edition, Microsoft Press, 1999. 2.Steve Holzner, “Visual C++ Programming”, Second Edition, PHI, 1994. 3.Go ttfried, “Programming with Visual Basic 6”, PHI, 2000. 


Total Teaching Hours : 60 No of Hours / Week : 04 Unit - I 

Introduction: History, salient features, Unix system architecture, Unix command format,  Unix internal and external commands, Directory commands, File related commands,  Disk related commands, general utilities. Unix File System: Boot inode, super and data  block, in-core structure, Directories, conversion of pathname to inode, inode to a new  file, Disk block allocation. Process Management: Process state and data structures of a  Process, User vs, kernel node, context of a Process, background processes, Process  scheduling commands, Process terminating and examining commands. 

[ 12 Hours ] 

Unit - II 

Secondary Storage Management: Formatting, making file system, checking disk space,  mountable file system, disk partitioning, file compression. Special Tools and Utilities:  Filters, Stream editor SED and AWK, Unix system calls and library functions, Processes,  signals and Interrupts, storage and compression facilities. 

 [ 12 Hours ] Unix - III 

Shell Programming: Vi editor, shell types, shell command line processing, shell script  features, executing a shell script, system and user-defined variables, expr command, shell  screen interface, read and echo statement, command substitution, escape sequence  characters, shell script arguments, positional parameters, test command, file test, string  test, numeric test. [ 12 Hours ] 

Unit – IV 

Conditional Control Structures-if statement, case statement Looping Control Structure while, until, for, statements. Jumping Control Structures – break, continue, exit. Shell  Programs covering the above concepts. [ 12 Hours ]

Page 24 of 38 

Unit – V  

Unix System Communication: Introduction, write, read, wall commands, sending and  handling mails. System Administration: Roles of a System Administrator, File System  Maintenance, System Startup and Shutdown, User Management, Backup and Restore,  Doemons, Domain Name System DNS, Distributed File System. 

[ 12 Hours ] 

Text Books: 

  1. M.G.Venkateshmurthy, “Introduction to UNIX & SHELL Programming”, First  Edition, Pearson Education, 2004. 

Reference Books: 

  1. Forouzan,“Unix and Shell Programming”, 1st Edition,2008 Cengage Learning  India 

  2. UNIX and Shell Programming, Archana Verma, Firewall Media. 


Total Teaching Hours : 65 No of Hours / Week : 05 Unit - I 

Linear Programming Problems: Origin and development of operations research, Linear  Programming Problem –formulation of Lenear Programming problem, Graphical  solution. Theory of simplex method. Use of artifical variables and their solution. [ 13 Hours ] 

Unit - II 

Transportation Problem: Mathematical formulation of transportation problem, Initial  basic Feasible solution, North West corner rule, Matrix minima method, Vogel’s  approximation method, MODI method to find optimal solution. 

[13 Hours ] 

Unit - III 

Assignment Problem: Mathematical formulation of an Assignment problem, Assignment  algorithm, Hungarian Method to solve Assignment Problem. 

[ 13 Hours ] 

Unit - IV 

Network Analysis: Basic components of Network, Rules for drawing Network diagram  Time calculation in Networks. Critical Path Method and PROJECT Evaluation and  Review Techniques. Algorithm and flow chart for CPM and PERT. 

[ 13 Hours ] 

Unit - V ` Theory of Games: Two –person Zero –sum Games, the maximin and Minimax principle,  Saddle point and value of the Game. Game without saddle points, mixed strategies,  solution for 2X2 games, Graphical method Dominance property. 

 [ 13 Hours ] Text books

  1. Taha, “Operations Research”, 7th edition, Pearson Education, 2007. References Book: 

  2. Billey E. Gillett, “Introduction to Operations Research” , Himalaya   Publishing House, Delhi, 1979. 

  3. Hamady A.Taha “Operations Research” , Collin Mac Millan, 1982.

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Bangalore University Study Materials

Bangalore University and Bangalore North University BCA 2nd Semester Study Materials and Previous Year Question Paper

Bangalore University 2nd Sem BCA Study Materials

Download free BCA 2nd sem module wise notes, latest solved question papers, previous 5 years question paper till 2021, model question papers, easy notes, exam oriented notes are available on this website of Bangalore University

Bangalore University BCA syllabus





Syllabus as per the one prescribed for science courses of Bangalore University. 


Syllabus as per the one prescribed for science courses of Bangalore University. 


Total Teaching Hours : 60 No of Hours / Week : 04 Unit-I  

Introduction and Overview: Definition, Elementary data organization, Data Structures,  data structures operations, Abstract data types, algorithms complexity, time-space  tradeoff. Preliminaries: Mathematical notations and functions, Algorithmic notations,  control structures, Complexity of algorithms, asymptotic notations for complexity of  algorithms. String Processing: Definition, Storing Stings, String as ADT, String  operations, word/text processing, Pattern Matching algorithms.  

[ 12 Hours ] 


Arrays: Definition, Linear arrays, arrays as ADT, Representation of Linear Arrays in  Memory, Traversing Linear arrays, Inserting and deleting, Sorting: Bubble sort, Insertion  sort, Selection sort, Searching: Linear Search, Binary search, Multidimensional arrays, 

Page 12 of 38 

Matrices and Sparse matrices.  [ 12 Hours ] 


Linked list: Definition, Representation of Singly linked list in memory, Traversing a  Singly linked list, Searching a Singly linked list, Memory allocation, Garbage collection,  Insertion into a singly linked list, Deletion from a singly liked list; Doubly liked list,  Header liked list, Circular linked list.  

[ 12 Hours ] 


Stacks – Definition, Array representation of stacks, Linked representation of stacks,  Stack as ADT, Arithmetic Expressions: Polish Notation, Application of Stacks,  Recursion, Towers of Hanoi, Implementation of recursive procedures by stack. Queues  – Definition, Array representation of queue, Linked list representation of queues Types  of queue: Simple queue, Circular queue, Double ended queue, Priority queue, Operations  on Queues, Applications of queues. 

 [ 12 Hours ] Unit-V 

Graphs: Graph theory terminology, Sequential representation of Graphs: Adjacency  matrix, traversing a Graph. Tree – Definitions, Binary trees, Representing binary trees in  memory, Traversing Binary Trees, Binary Search Trees, Searching, Inserting and  Deleting in a Binary Search Tree. 

 [ 12 Hours ] TEXT BOOKS 

  1. Seymour Lipschutz, “Data Structures with C”, Schaum’s outLines, Tata  McGraw-Hill, 2011. 


  1. Mark Allen Weiss, “Data Structures and Algorithm Analysis in C”, Second  Edition, Pearson Education, 2013. 

  2. Robert Kruse, C.L.Tondo, Bruce Leung, Shashi Mogalla, “Data Structures and  Program Design using C”, Pearson Education, 2009. 

  3. Forouzan, “A Structured Programming Approach using C”, 2nd Edition, Cengage  Learning India, 2008. 


Total Teaching Hours : 60 No of Hours / Week : 04 Unit - I 

Introduction: Database and Database Users, Characteristics of the Database Approach,  Different people behind DBMS, Implications of Database Approach, Advantages of  using DBMS, When not to use a DBMS. Database System Concepts and architecture: Data Models, Schemas, and Instances. DBMS Architecture and Data Independence.,  Database languages and interfaces. The database system Environment, Classification of  DBMS.  

[ 12 Hours ] 

Unit - II 

Data Modelling Using the Entity-Relationship Model: High level conceptual Data  Models for Database Design with and example., Entity types, Entity sets, attributes, and  Keys, ER Model Concepts, Notation for ER Diagrams, Proper naming of Schema  Constructs, Relationship types of degree higher than two. Record Storage and Primary  File Organization: Secondary Storage Devices. Buffering of Blocks. Placing file Records  on Disk. Operations on Files, File of unordered Records (Heap files), Files of Ordered 

Page 13 of 38 

Records (Sorted files), Hashing Techniques, and Other Primary file Organization. [ 12 Hours ] 

Unit - III 

Functional Dependencies and Normalization for Relational Database: Informal Design  Guidelines for Relational schemas, Functional Dependencies, Normal Forms Based on  Primary Keys., General Definitions of Second and Third Normal Forms Based on  Primary Keys., General Definitions of Second and Third Normal Forms, Boyce-Codd  Normal Form. Relational Data Model and Relational Algebra: Relational Model  Concepts., relational Model Constraints and relational Database Schema, defining  Relations, Update Operations on Relations., Basic Relational Algebra Operations,  Additional Relational Operations., Examples of queries in the Relational Algebra.,  Relational Database design Using ER-to-Relational Mapping. 

[ 12 Hours ] 

Unit – IV 

Relational Database Language: Data definition in SQL, Queries in SQL, Insert, Delete  and Update Statements in SQL, Views in SQL, Specifying General Constraints as  Assertions, specifying indexes, Embedded SQL. PL /SQL: Introduction.  [ 12 Hours ] 

Unit - V 

Transaction Processing Concepts: Introduction, Transaction and System Concepts,  Desirable properties of transaction, Schedules and Recoverability, Serializability of  Schedules, Transaction Support in SQL, Locking Techniques for Concurrency Control,  Concurrency Control based on time stamp ordering. 

 [ 12 Hours ] Text book: 

  1. Remez Elmasri and Shamkant B. Navathe, “Fundamentals of Database Systems”,  5th Edition, Pearson Education, 2007. 


  1. Abrahamsi. Silberschatz, Henry. F. Korth, S. Sudarshan, “Database System  Concepts” 6th Edition, McGraw Hill, 2012. 

  2. C.J.Date, “Introduction to database systems”, Eight Edition, Addison Wesley,  2003. 


Total Teaching Hours: 65 No of Hours / Week : 05 Unit - I 

Floating-point representation and errors-Normalized floating-point forms, Errors in  representing numbers, Floating point machine number and machine epsilon, Loss of  significance and its avoidance. Roots of equations-locating roots of f(x)=0 Bisection  method, Newton’s method, Secant method. 

[ 13 Hours ] 

Unit - II 

Interpolation and numerical differentiation-polynomial interpolation, Lagrange and  Newton form of interpolating Polynomial, Divided difference and recursive property,  Inverse interpolation, First and Second derivative formulae via interpolation  Polynomials. Numerical integration-Trapezoidal, Simpson’s and adaptive Simpson rules. 

 [ 13 Hours ] Unit - III 

System of linear equations-Gaussian elimination and back substitution-partial and  complete pivoting, Doolittle, Cholesky and Crout LU decomposition methods, Jacobi and 

Page 14 of 38 

Gauss – Seidel iterative methods. Power (and inverse power) method of obtaining largest  (smallest) eigenvalue and corresponding eigenvector. Ordinary differential equations initial value problem, Picard’s, Taylor series, Runge-Kutta first, second and fourth order  methods.  

[ 13 Hours ] 

Unit – IV 

Basics concepts and definition of statistics. Mean, Standard deviation, coefficient of  Variation, skewness & kurtosis, Carl Pearson Correlation, Rank correlation and  illustrated examples. Probability: Basic concept and definition of probability, probability  axioms, Laws of Probability, Conditional probability, Bayes theorem , Problems and  application. 

[ 13 Hours ] 

Unit - V 

Random variable and Expectation: Discrete and continuous random variables,  expectation of random variables, theorems on expectation, illustrative examples. Probability Distribution: Probability function, Probability mass/density function,  Discrete Distribution – Bernoulli, Binomial Distribution, Continuous distribution – Normal Distribution, applications and problems. 

[ 13 Hours ] 

Text Books: 

  1. M.K.Jain, SRK Iyengar and R.K. Jain Numerical methods for Scientific and   Engineering Computation: Wiley Eastern. 

  2. Ronald E Walpole & Raymond H Meyers : Probability & Statistics for   Engineers and Scientists (Second Edition). 


  1. J.Medhi : Statistical Methods New Age Publications. 

  2. S.C.Gupta and V.K.Kapoor – Elements of Mathematics, Statistics,   Sultan Chand and Sons. 



  1. Write a menu driven C program to perform the following string operations without  using string functions: (i) String Length (ii) String Concatenation (ii) String  Reverse 

  2. Write a C program to search for an element in an array using Binary search 3. Write a C program to sort a list of N elements using Selection Sort Algorithm. 4. Write a C program to construct a singly linked list and perform insertion, deletion  and Display operations. 

  3. Write a C program to demonstrate the working of stack using liked list. 6. Write a C program for Towers of Hanoi problem.  

  4. Write a C program to find GCD of two numbers using recursion 8. Write a C program to convert infix arithmetic expression to post fix expression. 9. Write a C program to simulate the working of Circular Queue using an array.  10. Write a C program to create and traverse a binary search tree.  


During practical examination the External and Internal examiners may prepare exam  question paper related to theory syllabus apart from Part-A. (A minimum of 10  Programs has to be prepared). 

Note : 

Page 15 of 38 

  1. a) The candidate has to write two the programs One from Part-A and other from  Part-B and execute one program as of External examiner choice. 

  2. b) A minimum of 10 Programs has to be done in Part-B and has to be maintained in  the Practical Record. 

  3. c) Scheme of Evaluation is as follows: 

Writing two programs - 10 Marks 

Execution of one program - 10 Marks 

Formatting the Output - 05 Marks 

Viva - 05 Marks 

Record - 05 Marks 

Total - 35 Marks 



  1. The STUDENT detail databases has a table with the following attributes. The primary  keys are underlined. STUDENT(regno: int, name: string, dob: date, marks: int) i) Create the above table. 

  2. ii) Remove the existing attributes from the table. 

iii) Change the date type of regno from integer to string. 

  1. iv) Add a new attribute phoneno to the existing table. 

  2. v) Enter five tuples into the table. 

  3. vi) Display all the tuples in student table. 

  4. A LIBRARY database has a table with the following attributes. 

LIBRARY(bookid:int, title:string, author:string, publication:string, yearpub:int, price:real) i) Create the above table. 

  1. ii) Enter the five tuples into the table 

iii) Display all the tuples in student table. 

  1. iv) Display the different publishers from the list. 

  2. v) Arrange the tuples in the alphabetical order of the book titles. 

  3. vi) List the details of all the books whose price ranges between Rs. 100 and Rs. 300 3. The SALARY database of an organization has a table with the following attributes.  EMPSALARY(empcod:int, empnamee:string, dob:date, department:string, salary:real) i) Create the above table. 

  4. ii) Enter the five tuples into the table 

iii) Display all the number of employees working in each dapartment. iv) Find the sum of the salaries of all employees. 

  1. v) Find the sum and average of the salaries of employees of a particular department. vi) Find the least and highest salaries that an employee draws.

Page 16 of 38 

  1. Consider the insurance database given below. The primary keys are underlined and  the data types are specified. 

PERSON(driver-id-no: string, name: string, address:strong) 

CAR(regno: string, model: string, year: int) 

ACCIDENT(report-no: int, date: date, location: String) 

OWNS(driver-id-no: string, regno: string) 

PARTICIPATED(driver-id-no: string, regno: string, report-no: int, damage-amount: int) i) Create the above tables by properly specifying the primary keys and the foreign keys ii) Enter atleast five tuples for each relation. 

iii) Demonstrate how you 

  1. a) Update the damage amount for the car with a specific regno in the accident with  report no 12 to 25000. 

  2. b) Add a new accident to the database. 

  3. iv) Find total number of people who owned cars that were involved in accidents in 2002 v) Find the number of accidents in which cars belonging to a specific model were involved 5. Consider the following database of students enrollment in courses and books adopted  for each course. 

STUDENT(regno: string, name: string, major: strong, bdate: date) 

COURSE(course-no: int cname: string, dept: string) 

ENROLL(reg-no: string, course-no: int, sem: int, marks: int) 

BOOK-ADOPTION(course-no: int, sem: int, book-isbn: int) 

TEXT(book-isbn: int, book-title: string, publisher: string, author: string) i) Create the above tables by properly specifying the primary keys and the foreign keys ii) Enter atleast five tuples for each relation. 

iii) Demonstrate how you add a new text book to the database and make this book be  adopted by some department. 

  1. iv) Produce a list of text books (include Course-no, book-isbn, book-title) in the  alphabetical order for courses offered by the ‘Compute Science’ department that use  more than two books. 

  2. v) List any department that has all its adopted books published by a specific publisher. 6. The following tables are maintained by a book dealer  

AUTHOR(author-id: int, name: string, city: string, country: string) 

PUBLISHER(publisher-id: int name: string, city: string, country: string)

Page 17 of 38 

CATLOG(book-id: int, title : string, author-id: int, publisher-id: int, category: int, year:  int, price: int) 

CATEGORY(category-id: int, description: string) 

ORDER-DETAILS(order-no: int, book-id: int, quantity: int) 

  1. i) Create above tables by properly specifying the primary keys and the foreign keys. ii) Enter atleast five tuples for each relation. 

iii) Give the details of the authors who have 2 or more books in the catalog and the price  of the books is greater than the average price of the books in the catalog and the year  of publication is after 2010. 

  1. iv) Find the author of the book which has maximum sales. 

  2. v) Demonstrate how to increase price of books published by specific publisher by 10% 7. Consider the following database for BANK. 

BRANCH(branch-name: string, branch-city: string, assets: real) 

ACCOUNT(accno: int, banch-name: string, balance: real) 

DEPOSITOR(customer-name: string, accno: int) 

CUSTOMER(customer-name: string, customer-street: string, customer-city: string) LOAN(loan-no: int, branch-name: string, amount: real) 

ORROWER(customer-name: string, loan-no: int) 

  1. i) Create the above tables by properly specifying the primary keys and foreign keys. ii) Enter atleast five tuples for each relation. 

iii) Find all the customers who have atleast two accounts at the main branch. iv) Find all customer who have an account at all the branches located in a specific city. v) Demonstrate how t0 delete all account tuples at every branch located in specific city. 8. Consider the following database for ORDER PROCEESING. 

CUSTOMER(cust-no: int, cname: string, city: string) 

ORDER(orderno: int, odate: date, ord-amt: real) 

ORDER_ITEM(orderno: int, itemno:int, qty: int) 

ITEM(itemno: int, unitprice: real) 

SHIPMENT(orderno: int, warehouseno: int, ship-date: date) 

WAREHOUSE(warehouseno: int, city: string) 

  1. i) Create the above tables by properly specifying the primary keys and the foreign keys ii) Enter atleast five tuples for each relation. 

iii) List the order number and ship date for all orders shipped from particular warehouse.

Page 18 of 38 

  1. iv) Produce a listing: customer name, no of orders, average order amount v) List the orders that were not shipped within 30 days of ordering 


During practical examination the External and Internal examiners may prepare exam  question paper related to theory syllabus apart from Part-A. (A minimum of 8  Programs has to be prepared). 

Note :  

  1. a) The candidate has to write two the programs One from Part-A and other from Part-B  and execute one program as of External examiner choice. 

  2. b) A minimum of 8 Programs has to be done in Part-B and has to be maintained in the  Practical Record. 

  3. c) Scheme of Evaluation is as follows: 

Writing two programs - 10 Marks 

Execution of one program - 10 Marks  

Formatting the Output - 05 Marks 

Viva - 05 Marks 

Record - 05 Marks 

 Total - 35 Marks 

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Bangalore University MBA 3rd Sem Study Materials and Previous Question Papers

Bangalore University 3rd Sem MBA Study Materials

Download free MBA 3rd sem module wise notes, latest solved question papers, previous 5 years question paper till 2021, model question papers, easy notes, exam-oriented notes are available on this website of Bangalore University

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Bangalore University Study Materials

Bangalore University Mba 1st Sem Study Materials And Previous Year Question Paper

Bangalore University 1st Sem MBA Study Materials

Download free MBA 1st sem module wise notes, latest solved question papers, previous 5 years question paper till 2021, model question papers, easy notes, exam-oriented notes are available on this website of Bangalore University

Bangalore University MBA syllabus

New Syllabus




The objective is to enable students to understand the basic concepts of entrepreneurship and prepare a business plan to start a small industry.  

Unit 1: ENTREPRENEURSHIP 12 Hrs Introduction – Meaning & Definition of Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneur & Enterprise – Differences  between Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneur & Enterprise – Functions of Entrepreneur – Role of Entrepreneur  for Economic Development - Factors influencing Entrepreneurship - Pros and Cons of being an  Entrepreneur – Differences between Manager and Entrepreneur – Qualities of an Entrepreneur – Types of  Entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurship Development- Need – Problems – National and State Level Institutions 

Unit 2: SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIES 10 Hrs Small Scale Industries - Tiny Industries - Ancillary Industries - Cottage Industries – Definition – Meaning - Product Range - Capital Investment - Ownership Patterns - Importance and Role played by SSI in the  development of the Indian Economy - Problems faced by SSI‟s and the steps taken to solve the problems - Policies Governing SSI‟s 

Unit 3: STARTING A SMALL INDUSTRY 12 Hrs Concept of Business opportunity, scanning the environment for opportunities, evaluation of alternatives  and selection based on personal competencies. - An overview of the steps involved in starting a business  venture – Location, Clearances and Permits required, Formalities, Licensing and Registration Procedures - Assessment of the market for the proposed project - Importance of financial, technical and social feasibility  of the project. 

Unit 4: PREPARING THE BUSINESS PLAN (BP) 10 Hrs Business Plan, Importance of BP, Preparation of BP, Typical BP format - Financial aspects of the BP - Marketing aspects of the BP - Human Resource aspects of the BP - Technical aspects of the BP - Social  aspects of the BP - Preparation of BP - Common pitfalls to be avoided in preparation of a BP 

Unit 5: IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROJECT AND SICKNESS IN SSIs 12 Hrs Financial assistance through SFC‟s, SIDBI, Commercial Banks, KSIDC, KSSIC, IFCI, - Non-financial  assistance from DIC, SISI, EDI, SIDO, AWAKE, TCO, TECKSOK, KVIC - Financial incentives for SSI‟s  and Tax Concessions - Assistance for obtaining Raw Material, Machinery, Land and Building and  Technical Assistance - Industrial Estates – Role and Types. Sickness: Meaning and definition of a sick  industry - Causes of Industrial Sickness - Preventive and Remedial Measures for Sick Industries 


Preparation of a Project report to start a SSI Unit. 

Preparing a letter to the concerned authority-seeking license to the SS Unit, You propose to start. Format of a business plan. 

A Report on the survey of SSI units in the region where college is located. 

Chart showing financial assistance available to SSI along with rates of interest.


Chart showing tax concessions to SSI both direct and indirect. 

Success stories of Entrepreneurs in the region. 


  1. Vasant Desai: The Dynamics of Entrepreneurship Development and Management, HPH 2. Mark. J. Dollinger, Entrepreneurship – Strategies and Resources, Pearson Edition. 3. Satish Taneja: Entrepreneur Development, HPH. 
  2. UdaiPareek and T.V. Rao, Developing Entrepreneurship 
  3. S.V.S. Sharma, Developing Entrepreneurship, Issues and Problems, SIET, Hyderabad  6. Srivastava, A Practical Guide to Industrial Entrepreneurs, Sultan Chand. 7. Government of India, Report of the committee on small and medium entrepreneurs, 1975 8. VidyaHattangadi ; Entrepreneurship, HPH. 
  4. N.V.R. Naidu : Management and Entrepreneurship, I.K. International 10. Bharusali, Entrepreneur Development, 
  5. K. Venkataramanappa, Entrepreneurial Development, SHB Publications 12. Anil Kumar : Small Business and Entrepreneurship, I.K. International 13. Rekha & Vibha – Entrepreneurial Management, VBH.




The objective of the subject is to make the students understand the concept of information systems used in  business and to know the latest trends in doing business in internet environment. 

Unit 1: INTRODUCTION TO INFORMATION SYSTEM 10 Hrs Meaning and definition of system, information and information system – business information system – Features of Information system – Uses of Business Information Systems, Users of Information Systems – Components of Business Information Systems. 

Unit 2: TYPES OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS 14Hrs Management Support Systems (MSS), Management Information systems, , Transaction Processing systems,  Decision Support Systems (DSS), Group Decision Support System (GDSS), Office Automation system,  Process Control systems, Executive Information systems, Levels of management and Information systems. 

Unit 3: MS OFFICE 12 Hrs MS Word – editing a document- Formatting – Spell Checking – Page setup, Using tabs, Tables and other  features Mail Merge, MS Excel – building work sheet- data entry in work sheets, auto fill – working with  simple problems- formula – statistical analysis, sort, charts, MS Power point – Design, Side Show – Presentation.  

Unit 4: DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 14 Hrs Introduction- Purpose of Database Systems, Views of data, Data Models, Database language, Transaction  Management, Storage Management, Database Administrator, Database Users, Overall System Structure,  Different types of Database Systems 

Unit 5: ACCOUNTING SOFTWARE 06Hrs Introduction to Tally, Opening new company, Safety of Accounts or Password, Characteristics, Making  Ledger Accounts, writing voucher, voucher entry, making different types of voucher, correcting sundry  debtors an sundry creditors accounts, preparation of Trail Balance, Accounts books, Cash Book, Bank  Books, Ledger Accounts, Group Summary, Sales Register and Purchase Register, Journal Register,  Statement of Accounts, & Balance Sheet. 


Maintain a Record on Practicals. 


  1. James Obrein, Management Information Systems, Tata McGraw Hill 
  2. M. Suman _ Computer Application Business, VBH 
  3. R.G. Saha – Computer Application Business, HPH. 
  4. Amrutha Gowri & Soundrarajana A, Computer Application Business, SHBP. 5. Manjunath, GunduRao – Computer Business Applications, HPH. 
  5. Sudaimuthu& Anthony: Computer Applications in Business, HPH.


  1. S. Perekar, Anindita Hazra; Computer Application in Business  8. Srivatasava : Enterprise Resource Planning I.K. International  9. S Sadagopan, Enterprise resource planning (ERP), Tata McGraw Hill 10. S.P. Rajagopal, Computer Application in Business 
  2. C.S.V.Murthy: Management Information, HPH




  1. To enable develop skills in analyzing various types of securities. 
  2. To develop necessary skills in students to design and revise a portfolio of securities. 

Unit 1: Introduction Investment Management 10Hrs Investment management, nature and scope, investment avenues, types of financial assets and real  assets, Security return and risk – Systematic and unsystematic risk - sources of risk, Measurement  of risk and return, sources of investment information, Fixed income – securities – bonds,  preference shares – sources of risk, valuation, duration of bonds – theory of interest rates – yield  curve, Bond innovations and their valuation. 

Unit 2: Securities Analysis 14Hrs Analysis of variable income securities, fundamental analysis – analysis of economy, industry  analysis, company analysis – financial and non – financial, Equity valuation models, Options,  futures, forwards, warrants, and their valuations, Technical analysis – Dow’s theory, charts – Efficient market hypothesis and its implications, Tax aspects of investment, Securities Trading procedure. A Critical Survey of software packages for security analysis. 

Unit 3: Portfolio Management 10Hrs Meaning of portfolio management, portfolio analysis, why portfolios? Portfolio objectives,  portfolio management process, selection of securities. Portfolio theory, Markowitz Model,  Sharpe’s single index model. Efficient frontier with Lending and borrowing, optimal portfolio  capital Asset pricing model, Arbitrage pricing theory two factor and multi factor models.  

Unit 4: Portfolio Management Strategies 12Hrs Bond Portfolio Management strategies, Equity portfolio management strategies, strategies using  derivatives, hedging. Portfolio revision – rebalancing plans, portfolio evaluation, Sharpe’s index,  Treynor’s measure and Jenson’s measure.  

Unit 5: Mutual Funds 10Hrs Mutual funds, Investors life cycle, Personal investment, Personal Finance, Portfolio Management  of funds in banks, insurance companies, pension funds, International investing, International funds  management, emerging opportunities. A brief survey of software packages for Portfolio  Management.  

Skill Development  

Seminars, Group Discussion and Case Studies on various aspects of syllabus.  

Books for Reference 

  1. Bombay Stock Exchange Directory. 
  2. Donald E. Fischer and Ronald J. Jordan: Security Analysis and Portfolio Management, Pearson Ed.  3. Stanely S.C. Haung Maury Stall: Investment Analysis and Management, Allyn and Bacon Inco., Massachustes.  4. Jerome B. Cohen and Edward D. Zinbarg Etal: Investment Analysis and Portfolio Management, Ricchard D., Irwin Inc.,  Illinois. 
  3. J.C. Fancis: Investment Analysis and Management 
  4. Panduan Puneethavarty, Securities Analysis and Portfolio Management, Vikas Pub. House. 
  5. Fuller & Farrel, Modern Investment and Security Analysis, McGraw Hill International.




The objective of this subject is to enable the students to understand the analysis and interpretation of  financial statements with a view to prepare management reports for decision-making. 

Unit 1: INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING 06 Hrs Meaning – Definition – Objectives – Nature and Scope of Management Accounting – Relationship between  Financial Accounting, Management Accounting, and Cost Accounting  

Unit 2: RATIO ANALYSIS 16 Hrs Meaning and Definition of Ratio, Accounting Ratio and Ratio Analysis – Uses – Limitations - Classification of Ratios – Problems on Ratio Analysis - Preparation of Trading and Profit & Loss Account  and Balance Sheet with the help of Accounting Ratios  

Unit 3: FUND FLOW ANALYSIS 12Hrs Meaning and Concept of Fund – Meaning and Definition of Fund Flow Statement – Uses and Limitations of  Fund Flow Statement – Procedure of Fund Flow Statement – Statement of changes in Working Capital – Statement of Funds from Operation – Statement of Sources and Application of Funds – Problems.  

Unit 4: CASH FLOW ANALYSIS 12Hrs Meaning and Definition of Cash Flow Statement – Differences between Cash Flow Statement and Fund  Flow Statement – Uses of Cash Flow Statement – Limitations of Cash Flow Statement – Provisions of AS-3  – Procedure of Cash Flow Statement – Concept of Cash and Cash Equivalents - Cash Flow from Operating  Activities – Cash Flow from Investing Activities and Cash Flow from Financing Activities – Preparation of  Cash Flow Statement according to AS-3 (Indirect Method Only). 

Unit 5: MARGINAL COSTING AND BUDGETORY CONTROL 10Hrs Marginal Costing: Meaning, Features and Assumptions - Calculation of Break Even Point – Equation  Method, Graphic Method, Problems . 

Budgetary Control: Introduction – Meaning & Definition of Budget and Budgetary Control – Objectives  of Budgetory Control – Classification of Budgets –Functional Budgets – Problems on Flexible Budgets  


  • Collection of financial statements of any one organization for two years and preparing comparative  statements 
  • Collection of financial statements of any two organization for two years and prepare a common Size  Statements  
  • Collect statements of an Organization and Calculate Important Accounting Ratio‟s Draft a report on any crisis in an organization.



  1. PN Reddy & Appanaiah, Essentials of Management Accounting, HPH. 2. J. Made Gowda: Management Accounting, HPH. 
  2. R.G. Saha – Management Accounting, VBH. 
  3. Dr. S.N. Maheswari, Management Accounting, VBH.  5. Sexana, Management Accounting, Tata McGraw Hill 
  4. Sudhindra Bhatt; Management Accounting, Excel Books. 7. Dr. S.N. Goyal and Manmohan, Management Accounting 8. Jawaharlal : Essentials of Managerial Accounting, HPH. 9. B.S. Raman, Management Accounting, United Publishers. 10. Sharma and Gupta, Management Accounting, S J Publishers. 11. Soundra RajanA & Venkataramana. K, Management Accounting, SHBP.

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